Wall washers either installed on the wall or aimed down from the ceiling are used mostly to highlight decorative features such as an art piece or a textured finish like a brick wall. However the psychological effect created by lighting the walls can make the whole room feel much brighter.
Have a beautiful or shapely ceiling? Uplights will bring attention to it and indirectly bounce light back down. Plus they are often combined with a wall washer so the architecture is fully on display. Uplights can also act as wall washers when installed in the floor especially in contemporary homes. The effect of many wall washers and pot lights can be a bit modernist and even a little cold so use this effect only if you enjoy a minimalist gallery-inspired look. Ultimately when implemented correctly a great lighting scheme won’t necessarily be the first thing you notice. But layers of light coming together to bring out the best in your space will make sure that wherever your eyes do fall all they will see is a perfect photo-ready finish.
Adding lights to stair risers is beneficial since it can be hazardous negotiating stairs especially at night. Staircases are often enclosed so light them from the sides or embed lights in the risers as a design element.