Have a beautiful or shapely ceiling? Uplights will bring attention to it and indirectly bounce light back down. Plus they are often combined with a wall washer so the architecture is fully on display. Uplights can also act as wall washers when installed in the floor especially in contemporary homes. The effect of many wall washers and pot lights can be a bit modernist and even a little cold so use this effect only if you enjoy a minimalist gallery-inspired look. Ultimately when implemented correctly a great lighting scheme won’t necessarily be the first thing you notice. But layers of light coming together to bring out the best in your space will make sure that wherever your eyes do fall all they will see is a perfect photo-ready finish.
If your cabinets don't go to the ceiling consider adding lights above the cabinets. Using a more powerful light source such as a T5 fluorescent increases the reflectivity of the ceiling thereby increasing the light in the room. While increasing light levels is important it is equally important to minimize glare. Use matte finishes to reduce light flares and glare.
Consider your lighting preferences during the initial design phase of a new build or renovation. For example if you want three pendant lights over your dining table instead of one or two that should be taken into account before construction starts.