When hanging a light over a table or a kitchen island 28 to 34 inches is the recommended distance from the bottom of the light to the surface of the table or island. However the size of the light makes a difference. In general a smaller light can be moved lower and a larger light can be moved higher.
Downward pendants bring light close to a key surface like a dining table or side table which helps create a sense of intimacy. Upward pendants and general-glow pendants give a more ambient light to the room’s core with the former letting light bounce downward off the ceiling first while highlighting any overhead features in the process.
Ambient light. This acts as fill light. “In bathrooms with taller ceilings a cove or cantilever details ambient lighting fixtures can be installed along the perimeter of the space” Whitehead says. “Architectural details such as these can hide the fixture and create indirect lighting”.