Downlighting is just that: lighting that shines down to illuminate a space. Down lighting can sometimes be referred to as general lighting. Once it was simply the only light source in a room — that single fixture in the middle of the ceiling. If this is your only option placement and quantity of fixtures are the keys to attaining a balanced lighting level while reducing dark corners. Pot lights are also considered downlighting.
Sconces come in many forms from artistic and ornate to sleek and simple and can hold just one bulb or many. Single-bulb sconces that are spread farther apart will add light around eye level for more even brightness. For the total elimination of shadows pairing two-light fixtures spaced closer together will achieve a salon level of clarity.
Putting a light fixture in a bright hue in an otherwise simple room can add some fun and interest to the space. Colored shades can work wonders especially when the light is turned on.