Downlighting is just that: lighting that shines down to illuminate a space. Down lighting can sometimes be referred to as general lighting. Once it was simply the only light source in a room — that single fixture in the middle of the ceiling. If this is your only option placement and quantity of fixtures are the keys to attaining a balanced lighting level while reducing dark corners. Pot lights are also considered downlighting.
Decorative lighting. This adds visual sparkle. Whitehead advises using a single pendant in a square-shaped bathroom for just the right touch.
Consider your lighting preferences during the initial design phase of a new build or renovation. For example if you want three pendant lights over your dining table instead of one or two that should be taken into account before construction starts.