Downlighting is just that: lighting that shines down to illuminate a space. Down lighting can sometimes be referred to as general lighting. Once it was simply the only light source in a room — that single fixture in the middle of the ceiling. If this is your only option placement and quantity of fixtures are the keys to attaining a balanced lighting level while reducing dark corners. Pot lights are also considered downlighting.
All-around lighting includes general lighting and natural light. You want to ensure that at any time of day there is enough light for everyone to effectively use the space without incident and that any dark areas are minimized.
Ambient light. This acts as fill light. “In bathrooms with taller ceilings a cove or cantilever details ambient lighting fixtures can be installed along the perimeter of the space” Whitehead says. “Architectural details such as these can hide the fixture and create indirect lighting”.