Downward pendants bring light close to a key surface like a dining table or side table which helps create a sense of intimacy. Upward pendants and general-glow pendants give a more ambient light to the room’s core with the former letting light bounce downward off the ceiling first while highlighting any overhead features in the process.
However a grid of pot lights is not all you need for a balanced light scheme. Notice that this space also includes a pendant sconces and art lamps (more on those later) as well as a full wall of windows. Including at least three layers of light from different categories and in different locations eliminates strong shadows and adds a sense of sparkle that allows all the other furnishings to look their best.
Lighting design is all about the strategic placement of light and matching the perfect light source to its intended function. Indirect lighting pulls focus adds texture and layers the sight line.