Lighting design is all about the strategic placement of light and matching the perfect light source to its intended function. Indirect lighting pulls focus adds texture and layers the sight line.
Downward pendants bring light close to a key surface like a dining table or side table which helps create a sense of intimacy. Upward pendants and general-glow pendants give a more ambient light to the room’s core with the former letting light bounce downward off the ceiling first while highlighting any overhead features in the process.
Adding lights to stair risers is beneficial since it can be hazardous negotiating stairs especially at night. Staircases are often enclosed so light them from the sides or embed lights in the risers as a design element.