Downlighting is just that: lighting that shines down to illuminate a space. Down lighting can sometimes be referred to as general lighting. Once it was simply the only light source in a room — that single fixture in the middle of the ceiling. If this is your only option placement and quantity of fixtures are the keys to attaining a balanced lighting level while reducing dark corners. Pot lights are also considered downlighting.
Downward pendants bring light close to a key surface like a dining table or side table which helps create a sense of intimacy. Upward pendants and general-glow pendants give a more ambient light to the room’s core with the former letting light bounce downward off the ceiling first while highlighting any overhead features in the process.
Ambient light. This acts as fill light. “In bathrooms with taller ceilings a cove or cantilever details ambient lighting fixtures can be installed along the perimeter of the space” Whitehead says. “Architectural details such as these can hide the fixture and create indirect lighting”.