If your cabinets don't go to the ceiling consider adding lights above the cabinets. Using a more powerful light source such as a T5 fluorescent increases the reflectivity of the ceiling thereby increasing the light in the room. While increasing light levels is important it is equally important to minimize glare. Use matte finishes to reduce light flares and glare.
Putting a light fixture in a bright hue in an otherwise simple room can add some fun and interest to the space. Colored shades can work wonders especially when the light is turned on.
Lighting design is all about the strategic placement of light and matching the perfect light source to its intended function. Indirect lighting pulls focus adds texture and layers the sight line.