Although floor lamps and table lamps obviously differ in their typical size and placement both have the ability to add gentle task lighting for reading while also infusing a general glow wherever they stand targeting anywhere from the center of a room (say on a sofa table) to a dim corner.
Translucent glass shades on pendant fixtures will reduce glare in the kitchen. Hanging overhead lighting fixtures such as pendants should sit 30 to 36 inches above the island work surface.
The most common use of up lighting is in a recessed cove around the top perimeter of a room. To maximize light output use a T5 fluorescent or LED light source that will wash the ceiling with light. This helps to create a brighter ceiling that bounces and reflects light throughout the space without glare. Combine this with lots of natural daylight to increase the overall light levels in a room.