A skylight is like a window on your roof. Simple skylights can be used to bring extra light to a room as a substitute for artificial lighting throughout the day. More complex skylights can even offer an access point for roof maintenance (ideal for checking up on a green roof for example). Skylights can be fixed vented tinted or even combined with an automated shutter system and can include a fly screen. A light tube on the other hand is good for rooms that don’t have a ceiling at roof level. It’s basically a reflective pipe that bounces the daylight down to the room where it is needed. Light tubes can be combined with lighting fixtures so the same area that lets in daylight during the day can double as a light for the evening.
Track lighting got a bit of a bad reputation in the 1990s but when used properly it is still functional and beautiful especially for the kitchen. Pot lights aimed straight down will add general illumination but not necessarily hit the counter. An angled ceiling light on a track can put task lighting exactly where you need it. Undercabinet lighting can also achieve a similar effect. Combining both will make task lighting in the kitchen look effortless.
I’ll let you in on a little secret that designers use to get that photo-ready finish in a home: layers of light. Just like with clothing and accessories in fashion when creating your interior lighting scheme layering your light sources helps create a rich look that highlights great features and eliminates harsh shadowing. To do that you’ll need an approach that combines many different styles of fixtures and sources.