Translucent glass shades on pendant fixtures will reduce glare in the kitchen. Hanging overhead lighting fixtures such as pendants should sit 30 to 36 inches above the island work surface.
Although often thought of as primarily an outdoor accoutrement lanterns are useful indoors for adding an extra light to areas such as bathrooms especially when a calming glow is desired for a relaxing mood. Plus a glow coming from below eye level can perfectly balance an overhead light.
If your cabinets don't go to the ceiling consider adding lights above the cabinets. Using a more powerful light source such as a T5 fluorescent increases the reflectivity of the ceiling thereby increasing the light in the room. While increasing light levels is important it is equally important to minimize glare. Use matte finishes to reduce light flares and glare.